Khiva is located on the western side of Khorezm region, at 100 meters above sea level. Kyzyl-kum desert begins nearby to Khiva city.
Khiva is a famous city of Khorezm – the country of ancient civilization. This unique, nearly fully preserved city-monument is situated of the left bank of Amudarya river on the south of the modern Khorezm region of Uzbekistan.
From the beginning of its foundation the history of Khiva was closely connected with the history of the whole Khorezm, which was rich with political, social-economic and cultural events. During its many-century history the city faced many times the periods of rising and falling of the economy and culture, and used to fall victim to foreign conquers. Nevertheless, indigenous population of Khiva and the whole Khorezm sustainably preserved its original cultural and social features.